Final Exam Review for Critical Lens Essay

6/4 More Practice Critical Lenses
Step 1: Paraphrase the lens
Step 2: Agree/disagree with lens
Step 3: Explain which two full-length texts would work well with this lens.

1. "Whosoever does wrong, wrongs himself...”
—Marcus Aurelius
The Meditations of the Emperor Marcus Antoninus, 1944

2. "…the strongest man upon earth is he who stands most
—Henrik Ibsen
“An Enemy of the People”
from Ghosts: An Enemy of the People: The Wild Duck, 1890

3. “Fear always springs from ignorance.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson
An Oration Delivered Before the Phi Beta Kappa Society,
at Cambridge, August 31, 1837

4. “The real hero is always a hero by mistake…”
—Umberto Eco
Travels in Hyperreality, 1986

5. “…it is the human lot to try and fail...”
—David Mamet
“Attention Must Be Paid”
The New York Times, February 13, 2005

6. “Greatness lies not in being strong, but in the right using of strength….”
—Henry Ward Beecher
Life Thoughts, 1858

7. “You must take life the way it comes at you and make the
best of it.”
—Yann Martel
Life of Pi, 2001

8. “For what does it mean to be a hero? It requires you to be
prepared to deal with forces larger than yourself.”
—Norman Mailer
The Spooky Art, 2003

9. “The human heart has ever dreamed of a fairer world than
the one it knows.”
—Carleton Noyes
“Poetry: General Introduction”
from Lectures on the Harvard Classics, 1914

10. “To gain that which is worth having, it may be necessary to lose everything else.”
—Bernadette Devlin
The Price of My Soul, 1969

11. “The ultimate measure of a man is not where he stands in
moments of comfort and convenience, but where he
stands at times of challenge and controversy.”
—Martin Luther King, Jr.
Strength to Love, 1963

12. “All that is literature seeks to communicate power...”
—Thomas De Quincey
The Collected Writings of Thomas De Quincey, 1897

13. “I like flawed characters because somewhere in them I see more of the truth.”
— Nicolas Cage, as quoted in
“His Truth is Out There”
from Los Angeles Times,
November 12, 2000

14. “In this world goodness is destined to be defeated.”
—Walker Percy
The Moviegoer, 1962

15. “A person is a person through other persons…”
— Archbishop Desmond Tutu
(The Right Reverend Desmond Mpilo Tutu)
Hope and Suffering: Sermons and Speeches, 1983

16. “In a dark time, the eye begins to see,…”
— Theodore Roethke
The Collected Poems of Theodore Roethke, 1966

17. “Things can happen in some cities* and the tale of them
will be interesting; the same story laid in another city*
would be ridiculous.”
— Frank Norris
McTeague: A Story of San Francisco:
Authoritative Text, Contexts, Criticism, 1997

18. “Good people … are good because they’ve come to wisdom through failure.”
—William Saroyan as quoted in
“Room for Hate—and Hope”
from New York Journal-American,
August 23, 1961

19. “If the literature we are reading does not wake us, why then do we read it? A literary work must be an ice-axe to break the sea frozen inside us.”
— Franz Kafka

20. “The bravest of individuals is the one who obeys his or her conscience.”
— J.F. Clarke (adapted)

21. “All literature is protest. You can’t name a single literary
work that isn’t protest.”
— Richard Wright (adapted)

22. “What lasts is what is written. We look to literature to find the essence of an age.”
— Peter Brodie

23. “All conflict in literature is, in its simplest form, a struggle between good and evil.”

24. “It is the responsibility of the writer to expose our many
grievous faults and failures and to hold up to the light our
dark and dangerous dreams, for the purpose of improvement.”
— John Steinbeck

25. “A story must be exceptional enough to justify its telling;
it must have something more unusual to relate than the
ordinary experience of every average man and woman.”
— Thomas Hardy

6/1 Literary Analysis & Review Sheets

5/31 Evaluating Sample Intro/Body Paragraph:

5/30 Today's Class Notes:

5/29 Intro to Critical Lens Practice Sheet (Complete for Homework):

5/23 Video Explaining Critical Lens

Short Story Unit Critical Lens Essay

11/7 Basic Formula (Outline) for Critical Lens [This for homework due tomorrow]:

11/7 Critical Lens Rubric:

11/7 Teacher-Written Critical Lens Essay:
Use this as a model for this year's requirements; this sample essay also contains highlighting for the topic sentence, evidence, and analysis of evidence in each body paragraph.

11/3 Class Notes - Quotation Sandwiches:

Here are sample quotation sandwiches from "The Most Dangerous Game":
  • Zaroff explains that his boredom with hunting leads him to "invent" new game (10). In other words, Zaroff hunts humans; this is the external conflict that Rainsford must overcome in order to survive on Ship-Trap Island.
  • Zaroff proclaims that he "[detects] traces of [his] old complaint... ennui" (13). Basically, Zaroff needs a challenge, and even humans are beginning to bore him. This shows how heartless and uncivilized a man he is, a characteristic that is revealed only after Zaroff invites Rainsford to go hunting with him. This shows that evil-doers are not easily recognizable.

Here is a sample quotation sandwich from "The Lady, or the Tiger?":
  • The princess reveals her jealous rage in her dreams. The narrator explains, "in her grievous reveries ... she [gnashes] her teeth and [tears] her hair when she [sees] his start of rapturous delight as he [opens] the door of the lady!" (272) In explaining that these types of visions occur "much oftener" that the scenario of the young courtier choosing the door with the tiger, the narrator implies that the princess is jealous and cannot stand to think of her lover with the lady.

Critical lens pre-writing sheet (this is homework, due Wednesday, 11/2):

Task sheet (explains essay requirements and suggests an outline):

You will be choosing one of the following quotations to use in your critical lens essay:
  1. "Murderers are not monsters, they're men. And that's the most frightening thing about them." -Alice Sebold
  2. ”Before you embark on a journey of revenge,dig two graves.” -Confucius
  3. “There is no faculty of the human soul so persistent and universal as that of hatred.” -Henry Ward Beecher
  4. "To carry a grudge is like being stung to death by one bee." -William H. Walton
  5. “Literature makes comprehensible the myriad (many) ways in which human beings meet the infinite possibilities that life offers.” - Louise Rosenblatt